The Republic of Kazakhstan is a state located in Eurasia that shares borders with Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. It is ranked as the ninth largest country in the world and is ethnically and culturally diverse. Kazakhstan is known for its crude oil production and export of textile, livestock, wheat and Uranium. Economic growth, combined with earlier tax and financial sector reforms, has dramatically improved government finance. Kazakhstan’s healthcare system is fairly centralized. Personal healthcare in Kazakhstan is financed from three sources: state budget, medical insurance and patients’ payments. The state covers treatment of certain diseases and drugs (under generic names) in accordance with a list approved by the Government. Medical insurance is not required by law, and in a lot of cases is issued by employers, although partaking in such schemes is not compulsory, meaning many individuals are not covered. If a certain treatment or drug is not paid from any of these first sources, patients have to pay for it themselves.